Health is of paramount importance to each of us, but it is that much more difficult to remain healthy- especially in our current environment. Prone as we are to various pulls and pressures of modern life and with increased exposure to various pollutants/ environmental hazards, we are now more prone then ever to being less healthy.
Understanding how diseases develop and the preventive measures that can be adopted to avoid them are important steps in staying healthy.
Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not properly use or produce insulin - a hormone produced by the pancreas that converts sugar, starches and other food into glucose which is used for our body's energy needs. As a result, the glucose level in the blood is too high which in turn damages other parts of our body, including the kidneys, eyes and heart over a period of time.
Environmental factors (eg: unhealthy food habits, lack of exercise, smoking) and genetics contribute to the cause of diabetes.
Type 1: diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
Type 2: diabetes results when the body cannot use the insulin it produces properly (also known as insulin resistance) or when some insulin is made, but not enough. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, accounting for 85 – 95% of all people with diabetes.
Gestational diabetes: is a form of diabetes which is discovered during pregnancy and usually disappears after the birth of the baby. These women are more likely to develop diabetes later in life. Special care needs to be taken during the pregnancy to monitor the baby's development.
The common symptoms of diabetes are frequent passing of urine, increased thirst, weakness and fatigue, weight loss, increased susceptibility to infections, and blurred vision. 40.9 million Indians currently have diabetes; this number is expected to rise to 69.9 million by 20251.